The challenge of reaching zero emissions in heavy industry
Materials produced by three heavy industries – chemicals, steel and cement – play a critical role in our daily lives. Think of the steel used in the vehicles that move us around, petrochemicals for gloves and masks used in hospitals, the cement and concrete for the buildings we live and work in, among many other examples. An increasingly numerous and prosperous population has led to a multiplying of demand for these materials. Since the millennium, global demand for cement and steel has more than doubled, and the production of plastics – a key group of chemical sector products – has increased by more than 90%. As economies around the world continue to develop, so will the production and use of these materials.
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