Zero Energy Homes and Appliances

The Paris Agreement, the new international framework for combating climate change, went into force on November 4 of last year, and the 22nd session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 22) was held f...


Will the Paris Agreement Run the Same Course as the Kyoto Pr

The Paris Agreement, the international framework to combat climate change that entered into force in November 2016, targets massive cuts in global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by signatory countries...


IoT and AI Developments and Risks

IoT and AI   The fourth industrial revolution is said to be underway with the development and ubiquity of the Internet.   In Germany, the government’s Industrie 4.0 strategic initiative aims...


Solutions for Supermarkets and Convenience Stores

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), one-third of the food produced in the world, some 1.3 billion tons, is wasted every year. Meanwhile, one in nine people ...


Clean Room Air Conditioning

A clean room or cleanroom is a room that controls environmental conditions such as fine particles in the air, the necessary temperature and humidity, pressure, minute gas components, static electricit...


U.S. Manufacturing Industry’s Hollowing Out

Self- congratulatory ‘Saving American Jobs’   At the beginning of December 2016, president-elect Donald Trump visited a plant in Indianapolis, Indiana operated by leading air conditioner manufact...


A Pathway to HFC Phase-down

As we reported in the November issue of JARN, an amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer was adopted at the 28th Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol (...


Enforcement of the Paris Agreement and Reducing HFCs

The first step in combating global warming The Paris Agreement, the historic global pact to address climate change from 2020, went into force on November 4. Enforcement came less than a year after the...


Smartifying Air Conditioners What Is It and What Is Needed?

Smart air conditioners are equipped with advanced communications capability that allows users to operate and monitor the equipment remotely. As one type of so-called ‘smart’ home appliances, smart air...


Spreading Reach of ICT, Data Centers, and Air Conditioning

Rise of Cloud Computing   Since the 2000s, the use of information and communications technology (ICT) has rapidly advanced in the activities of daily living as well as in companies and public ins...


Alternative Refrigerants Update

The resumed 37th meeting of the Open-ended Working Group (OEWG 37) of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol was held in Vienna, Austria on July 15 and 16, 2016 followed by various side events and meeti...